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MAJOR REVIEW
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 22-28

Ocular manifestations of COVID-19 infection: A review of available information


Division of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kaberi Biswas Feroze
PRA 14, CC 33 987 A, Pattathu Road, Chalikkavattom, Vennala PO, Kerala
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/kjo.kjo_147_20

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Ocular signs and symptoms have been reported in COVID-19 patients, and there is increasing recognition of conjunctivitis as a prodromal symptom of this disease. There is also a surge of information about corneal, uveal, retinal, and neuroophthalmological involvement in COVID-19 infection. This review attempts to determine from various researches published during the time of the pandemic, the various ocular presentations of COVID-19 infection, its significance, correlation to the severity of systemic disease, and its importance as a mode of transmission of the disease. An extensive search strategy was employed to retrieve articles of ocular manifestations of COVID-19 published from January 2020 to date. Conjunctivitis was found to be the most common ocular manifestation, and viral RNA was noted in conjunctiva and tears, posing a risk for ophthalmologists. Other less commonly seen findings in COVID-19 infections include keratoconjunctivitis, blepharitis, retinal changes, and ophthalmoparesis. However, recent studies show increasing reports of retinal and neuroophthalmological manifestations of the COVID-19 infection.


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