• Users Online: 334
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 143-147

Role of mitomycin C in the management of ocular surface squamous neoplasia


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Government Mohan Kumaramangalam Medical College Hospital, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, VMKVMCH, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. C Menaka
Department of Ophthalmology, Government Mohan Kumaramangalam Medical College Hospital, Salem, Tamil Nadu
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/kjo.kjo_20_20

Rights and Permissions

Background: Ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) in a broader terminology recently introduced in the field of ophthalmology that includes conjunctival malignancies which ranges from mild epithelial dysplasia to invasive squamous cell carcinoma. The routinely used topical chemotherapy for OSSN is mitomycin C (MMC), 5-fluorouracil, interferon-alpha, and cidofovir, and among these, MMC is usually preferred by most of the ophthalmologists because of its cost-effectiveness and lesser side effects. Aim: The aim of study was to evaluate the role of MMC as an adjuvant therapy intraoperatively and postoperatively in the management of OSSN. Methodology: Patients in the age group of 40 years and above with a diagnosis of OSSN were included as our study subjects. The diagnosis of OSSN was made based on the clinical presentation and the cytological picture. A total of 22 patients with OSSN were taken as our study subjects. The tumor was surgically removed in toto along with 3–4 mm of uninvolved conjunctiva. Further, 0.4 mg/ml of MMC was applied over the excised site. Postoperatively, two cycles of 0.04% MMC eye drops were given for 2 weeks with a dosage of 4 times/day. It is given in two cycles, each cycle lasting for a week with an interval of 1 week in between. Results: Postoperatively, only one patient (4.5%) had recurrence which had developed after 6 months. Patients aged more than 60 years and who had the initial size of the lesion as > 8 mm were more prone to recurrence. Other postoperative complications that had occurred were one patient had allergic conjunctivitis and the other patient had punctate erosion. Conclusion: The use of MMC eye drop in the concentration of 0.04% has shown good clinical results without any serious side effects and with a very less recurrence rate during the follow-up period of 1 year when used as alternate 7-day courses.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed83    
    Printed2    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded25    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal