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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 39-44

Outcomes of multifocal intraocular lens implantation in pediatric eyes


1 Junior Resident, Chaithanya Eye Hospital and Research Institute, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
2 Senior Consultant, Pediatric Ophthalmology, Cataract and Refractive Surgeries, Chaithanya Eye Hospital and Research Institute, Trivandrum, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Minnu Parakal
Chaithanya Eye Hospital and Research Institute, Kesavadasapuram, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 004, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/kjo.kjo_12_19

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Objective: To study the pre operative profile and postoperative visual, quality of life outcomes and complications in pediatric eyes with multifocal intraocular lens implants. Methods: All children requiring primary or secondary intraocular lens implantation where the IOL could be placed in the capsular bag were assigned to this prospective study. The cause for cataract, laterality, preoperative and postoperative corrected and uncorrected distance and near visual acuity, slit lamp observations, intraocular pressures, type of surgery, postoperative IOL positioning, intra and post operative complications and quality of life estimates were recorded. SPSS ver21 was used for data analysis and the outcomes were documented. Results: 21 eyes of 14 pediatric patients were included in this study, 7 of them underwent bilateral surgery. The age range was 1 to 14 years. The logmar best corrected visual acuity for distance and near improved in 100% of eyes. The average corrected distant visual acuity was 0.3 (6/12p) and average near vision was 0.38 (N6-N8) without near addition. The average residual spherical power was 0.26DS and astigmatism was -0.22DC. 9 eyes had raised IOP immediate post procedure. The average IOP after 1 month was 13.71 mm of Hg. The quality of life questionnaire indicated satisfactory levels of performance at school and play. Conclusions: Multifocals IOLs are an effective and safe implant to impart instant near vision correction, thereby bypassing the need to wear or be compliant with bifocals, thus aiding in overcoming amblyogenic influences.


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