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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 33-38

Acute acquired comitant esotropia in children: A benign entity or an ominous sign?

1 Senior Consultant and Head, Strabismus, Peadiatric Ophthalmology and Neuro-Ophthalmology Services, Giridhar Eye Institute, Kochi, Kerala, India
2 Medical Director, Giridhar Eye Institute, Kochi, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
R Neena
Strabismus, Paediatric Ophthalmology and Neuro-Ophthalmology Services, Giridhar Eye Institute, Kochi - 682 020, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/kjo.kjo_11_19

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Purpose: The purpose is to study the clinical features of acute acquired comitant esotropia (AACE) in children and analyze the course and outcome. Materials and Methods: A retrospective, clinical study of all patients under the age of 18 years with acute onset, nonaccommodative comitant esotropia in a tertiary eye care center from September 2013 to December 2016. Parameters studied were age, sex, visual acuity, eye involved, age of onset, precipitating event, amount of deviation, presence or absence of amblyopia, cycloplegic refraction, systemic involvement, surgical or nonsurgical intervention, course, and outcome. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging of brain and orbits, and systemic evaluation was done in suspicious cases. Minimum follow-up period was 6 months. Results: Out of 12 patients, 8 were male. Average age of the patients was 7.9 years. The mean esodeviation was 33.75 PD, and mean age of onset was 6.14 years (range: 2–15 years). There was left eye preponderance. Three patients (25%) had a history of a precipitating event. Cycloplegic refraction ranged from +0.50 DS to −6.75 DS, with majority having <+2.00 DS. Amblyopia was noted in 8 (66.6%) patients. Systemic involvement was seen in three patients in the form of ocular myasthenia, central nervous system glioma, and viral fever, respectively. Esotropia disappeared in one patient with overcorrected, high myopia following atropinization, and change of glass. Eight patients (66.6%) underwent strabismus surgery with good postoperative alignment, and the rest were managed conservatively. Conclusion: AACE is an unusual ocular alignment disorder characterized by a nonaccommodative esodeviation which can occur in older children, adults, and even the elderly. Although most children with this form of esotropia are otherwise healthy, systemic diseases must be considered and ruled out before planning surgery. Prompt amblyopia therapy and timely surgery can result in a satisfactory outcome in those without systemic involvement.

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